Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders, and its prevalence is on the rise. National survey data from 2016 indicate that 9.4 percent of children in the United States ages 2 to 17 have had an ADHD diagnosis, including 2.4 percent of children 2 to 5 years of age. In that national survey, 8.4 percent of children ages 2 to 17 currently had ADHD, representing 5.4 million children. Among children and adolescents with current ADHD, almost two-thirds were taking medication, and approximately half had received behavioral treatment for ADHD in the past year. Nearly one quarter had received neither type of treatment of ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD occur in childhood, and most children with ADHD will continue to have symptoms and impairment through adolescence and into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their behavior in school and social settings and often fail to achieve their full academic potential. Additionally, ADHD is frequently present with other psychiatric disorders.

有效地对多动症儿童进行长期管理的关键是对多动症治疗经验丰富的临床医生的持续护理。应根据ADHD症状的严重程度,为每个家庭和儿童个性化随访的频率和持续时间;其他精神疾病的合并症程度;对治疗的反应;以及家庭,学校,工作或与同伴相关活动中的损伤程度。

诊断和治疗指南

Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®)1 Tip Sheets

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筛选工具

1 HEDIS is a registered trademark of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).