Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders, and its prevalence is on the rise. National survey data from 2016 indicate that 9.4 percent of children in the United States ages 2 to 17 have had an ADHD diagnosis, including 2.4 percent of children 2 to 5 years of age. In that national survey, 8.4 percent of children ages 2 to 17 currently had ADHD, representing 5.4 million children. Among children and adolescents with current ADHD, almost two-thirds were taking medication, and approximately half had received behavioral treatment for ADHD in the past year. Nearly one quarter had received neither type of treatment of ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD occur in childhood, and most children with ADHD will continue to have symptoms and impairment through adolescence and into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their behavior in school and social settings and often fail to achieve their full academic potential. Additionally, ADHD is frequently present with other psychiatric disorders.

A chave para o manejo eficaz a longo prazo da criança com TDAH é a continuidade dos cuidados com médicos experientes no tratamento do TDAH. A frequência e a duração das sessões de acompanhamento devem ser individualizadas para cada família e criança, dependendo da gravidade dos sintomas de TDAH; o grau de co-morbidade de outras doenças psiquiátricas; a resposta ao tratamento; e o grau de deficiência em casa, escola, trabalho ou atividades relacionadas com os pares.

Diretrizes para diagnóstico e tratamento

Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®)1 Tip Sheets

Materiais para Membros

Ferramentas de triagem

1 HEDIS is a registered trademark of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).