Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders, and its prevalence is on the rise. National survey data from 2016 indicate that 9.4 percent of children in the United States ages 2 to 17 have had an ADHD diagnosis, including 2.4 percent of children 2 to 5 years of age. In that national survey, 8.4 percent of children ages 2 to 17 currently had ADHD, representing 5.4 million children. Among children and adolescents with current ADHD, almost two-thirds were taking medication, and approximately half had received behavioral treatment for ADHD in the past year. Nearly one quarter had received neither type of treatment of ADHD.
Symptoms of ADHD occur in childhood, and most children with ADHD will continue to have symptoms and impairment through adolescence and into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their behavior in school and social settings and often fail to achieve their full academic potential. Additionally, ADHD is frequently present with other psychiatric disorders.
نکته مهم در مدیریت طولانی مدت کودک مبتلا به ADHD ، تداوم مراقبت از پزشکان با تجربه در درمان ADHD است. فراوانی و مدت زمان جلسات پیگیری باید بسته به شدت علائم ADHD برای هر خانواده و کودک باشد. درجه هم افزایی سایر بیماریهای روانپزشکی ؛ پاسخ به درمان و میزان اختلال در خانه ، مدرسه ، محل کار یا فعالیتهای مرتبط با همسالان.
رهنمودهایی برای تشخیص و درمان
- راهنمای ADHD آکادمی اطفال آمریکا
- American Academy of Pediatrics Guideline Supplement-Algorithm
- American Academy of Pediatrics Guideline Supplement-Barriers
- الگوریتم درمان دارویی ADHD
Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®)1 Tip Sheets
- ابزار ارزیابی ADHD بزرگسالان
- ابزارهای غربالگری ADHD کودک:
1 HEDIS is a registered trademark of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).