Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders, and its prevalence is on the rise. National survey data from 2016 indicate that 9.4 percent of children in the United States ages 2 to 17 have had an ADHD diagnosis, including 2.4 percent of children 2 to 5 years of age. In that national survey, 8.4 percent of children ages 2 to 17 currently had ADHD, representing 5.4 million children. Among children and adolescents with current ADHD, almost two-thirds were taking medication, and approximately half had received behavioral treatment for ADHD in the past year. Nearly one quarter had received neither type of treatment of ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD occur in childhood, and most children with ADHD will continue to have symptoms and impairment through adolescence and into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their behavior in school and social settings and often fail to achieve their full academic potential. Additionally, ADHD is frequently present with other psychiatric disorders.

La clave para el manejo eficaz a largo plazo del niño con TDAH es la continuidad de la atención con médicos con experiencia en el tratamiento del TDAH. La frecuencia y duración de las sesiones de seguimiento deben individualizarse para cada familia y niño, dependiendo de la gravedad de los síntomas del TDAH; el grado de comorbilidad de otras enfermedades psiquiátricas; la respuesta al tratamiento; y el grado de discapacidad en el hogar, la escuela, el trabajo o las actividades relacionadas con los compañeros.

Directrices para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento

Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®)1 Tip Sheets

Materiales para miembros

Herramientas de cribado

1 HEDIS is a registered trademark of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).