Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders and its prevalence is on the rise. Estimates based on a 2011 survey of parents indicate that approximately 11% of children ages 4 to 17 have been diagnosed with the disorder. Parents of children with current ADHD diagnoses, reported that 6.1% of their kids were taking medication to treat it. Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their behavior in school and social settings and often fail to achieve their full academic potential. Additionally, ADHD is frequently found with other psychiatric disorders.

The key to effective long-term management of the child with ADHD is continuity of care with clinicians experienced in the treatment of ADHD. The frequency and duration of follow-up sessions should be individualized for each family and child, depending on the severity of ADHD symptoms; the degree of co-morbidity of other psychiatric illness; the response to treatment; and the degree of impairment in home, school, work, or peer-related activities.

Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment

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